Early Years Foundation Stage
We follow the Early Years Foundation stage (EYFS) to plan our daily activities to ensure we have an age appropriate and challenging environment. The EYFS has seven areas of learning. These are split into 3 ’prime’ areas and 4 ‘specific’ areas.
The 3 prime areas are:
Communication and language
Personal, social and emotional development
The 4 specific areas are:
Understanding the world
Expressive art and design
All seven areas are intertwined and the specific areas strengthen and support the prime areas giving children a firm grounding for the national curriculum as they continue on their educational adventure.
Personal, social and emotional: In preschool we help children to feel secure and build their self-confidence. We do this by helping them to learn how to explore feelings and make relationships with peers and adults. We provide an environment where children can explore and, along with behaviour modelled by staff, this helps them to achieve their best and feel secure. Children learn how to express their feelings and opinions, learn about behaviour and the consequences of their and other people’s behaviour. This in turn helps them to deal with positive and negative behaviour.
Part of personal, social and emotional development in preschool includes settling in when they first start, playing alongside and with other children, turn taking, talking about past events and their home life and participating in imaginary play.
Communication and language: Being able to communicate by speaking and listening is very important to a child’s wellbeing. Good communication skills allow children to share feelings, emotions and form relationships. Communication is not just about speaking, but listening is very important too. As staff we make sure we listen to the children. This also helps a child feel valued.
Part of communication and language in preschool includes singing, encouraging children to talk to staff and peers, developing attention skills, understanding rules and boundaries and playing socially.
Physical development: Children learn by being active. Physical development involves large and small movements. Co-ordination, control, manipulation and movement are all improved with physical development. Staying healthy through exercise, diet and staying safe are also aspects of health and self-care in physical development.
Part of physical development in preschool includes running, walking, jumping, threading, puzzles and mark making.
Literacy: At preschool children have the opportunity to develop early reading and writing skills.
Part of literacy at preschool includes singing, story time, exploring print in the environment, opportunities to explore writing and encouraging children to handle and look through books both alone and with their peers.
Maths: At preschool we encourage children to explore, practice and build upon their understanding of problem solving, reasoning and numeracy. This helps children to gain competence and confidence in using maths. Through exploring numbers, shapes, space and measurements, they will begin to recognise and seek patterns and connections.
Part of maths in preschool includes recognising shapes and sequences, doing jigsaw puzzles, understanding of size and capacity and counting.
Understanding the world: children find out about the world by exploring lots of different resources. They need to have access to information and opportunities to learn about different ways of learning. Understanding the world helps children to learn that not everybody shares the same origin and abilities and that we don’t all enjoy the same things. Children are encouraged to be questioning, interested and show curiosity in the classroom and the world around them.
Part of understanding the world in preschool includes talking about past events and their home life, understanding and accepting the differences between us all, learn about similarities and differences in places, objects, materials and living things and using basic ICT.
Expressive art and design: one of the most important parts of this area is to help make sure a child feels valued, both in feelings, opinions and work. It allows children to explore and express themselves and encourages them to make their own decisions and choices. All this helps build self-confidence and esteem. Most importantly, the creative element in this area means children can have fun whilst getting messy!
Part of expressive art and design in preschool includes singing, exploring musical instruments, gluing, painting, drawing ad craft activities.